The Finnish pilot site is part of the NordicWay pilots running in the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The main objective of this Action is to deploy pilot studies in order to further develop interoperable Day-1 and Day 1,5 C-ITS services and support infrastructure readiness for connected and automated driving in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. NordicWay pilots will:
- Contribute to the harmonisation and interoperability of the C-ITS services in Europe in line with requirements agreed by the C-Roads Platform.
- Support the deployment of new "Day-1” and “Day-1,5” C-ITS services in Nordic countries and extend its use in vital road freight transport routes subject to extreme weather conditions and in urban and interurban environments.
- Support the infrastructure readiness for connected and automated driving in Nordic countries in snowy and icy arctic conditions.
- Assess the socio-economic impacts of the piloted Day 1 and Day 1,5 C-ITS services as well as the effect on users mobility and traffic behaviours and on public acceptance.
The two Finnish pilots include (1) the Artic Challenge for Automated driving in snowy and icy arctic conditions and (2) relevant C-ITS Day 1 services on core corridor.
Artic Challenge for Automated driving in snowy and icy arctic conditions
This pilot covers the design and implementation of a pilot intended to address automated driving in snowy and icy arctic conditions. The pilot will monitor automated driving with two different types of deployment phase automated vehicles.
Relevant Day 1 services on core corridor
This Activity contributes to specifically the specific objective of 2 and 4 by covering the design and implementation of a pilot to test relevant Day 1 services on the Scan-Med core corridor. The piloted C-ITS services are:
Day 1 C-ITS services:
- Hazardous location notifications, including Slow or stationary vehicle(s) & traffic ahead warning, Road works warning, Weather conditions, Emergency vehicle approaching, Other hazards
- Signage applications:, including In-vehicle signage, In-vehicle speed limits, Signal violation/intersection safety, Traffic signal priority request by designated vehicles, Green light optimal speed advisory, Probe vehicle data
Day 1.5 C-ITS:
- Traffic information and smart routing
The communication technology tested under the Finnish pilots will be cellular communication. Selected roadside infrastructure and vehicles may also be equipped with ETSI ITS-G5 when needed to ensure interoperability.
The Artic Challenge for automated driving in snowy and icy arctic conditions will take place in the Finnish-Norwegian E8 corridor, on a section of the comprehensive network section with frequent extreme weather conditions and low traffic volumes to minimise the safety risks involved with having automated vehicles driving on an open road together with manually operated vehicles.
The relevant C-ITS Day 1 and Day 1.5 services will take place on the core corridor. The exact coverage of the pilot will be determined based on the socio-economic assessment carried out in the EU CEF Action NordicWay 2014-EU-TA-0060-S as well in open market discussion when planning the C-ITS deployment in Finland. The corridor location in minimum is the E18 corridor (Scan-Med corridor) between Helsinki and Turku, including the urban links and especially the incident prone ring roads and arterials in the Helsinki regions.
The Artic Challenge for Automated driving in snowy and icy arctic conditions is led by the public authorities of Finnish Transport Agency (FTA) and Finnish Transport Safety Agency Trafi. Studies are carried out by the following three coalitions:
- Lapland University of Applied Sciences (Lapland UAS) as a leader, in addition to Lapland UAS is Roadscanners ltd
- Sensible 4 Ltd as a leader, in addition to Sensible 4 are Metropolia University of Applied Science Ltd, Sharpeye Systems Ltd, MHR Consulting, F-Secure Ltd, Solidpotato Ltd ja Nodeon Ltd
- VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd as a leader, in addition to VTT are Dynniq Finland Ltd, Indagon Ltd, Infotripla Ltd and Ukkoverkot Ltd.
The relevant C-ITS Day 1 and Day 1.5 service providers and partners will be selected through an open tendering. The tendering will start in winter-spring 2018 and completed until end of September 2018. First open market discussion is held in 1st of December 2017 at Helsinki, Finland.
The Artic Challenge for automated driving in snowy and icy arctic conditions between 2017 and 2019. Three open for all test fests are held between 15.-19. January 2018, 1.-5. October 2018 and 4.-8. March 2019. Final results will be reported at the end of 2019.
The relevant C-ITS Day 1 and Day 1.5 service between 2018 and 2020. The tendering will start in winter-spring 2018 and completed until end of September 2018. Deployment is planned between June 2019 and June 2020. Results published at the end of 2020.
C-Road contribution – Finland
Finland will provide experiences, expectations and requirements from the joint Nordic CEF funded NordicWay cellular/hybrid C-ITS project (www.nordicway.net), Finnish Coop pilot in the NordicWay (www.infotripla.fi/coop) and possible successor deployment projects for the C-Roads platform. Implicit and explicit knowledge will be shared and feedback provided with other European authorities in C-ITS deployment.
NordicWay technical work on cellular 3G and 4G/LTE C-ITS Day 1 Safety Related Traffic Information (SRTI) architecture and interoperability input is provided together with the other NordicWay project partners, National Road Authorities of Sweden, Norway and Denmark as well as the OEMs and service providers involved. Evaluation and assessment includes technical performance, user acceptance and impact assessment on user behavior, tentative benefit/cost, business models and ecosystems for the service value chain.