The Finnish pilot was part of the NordicWay 2 project (2017-2020) and currently part of the NordicWay 3 project’s (2019-2023) pilots running in the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The main objectives of the NordicWay Actions are to deploy pilot studies in order to further develop interoperable Day-1 and Day-1.5 C-ITS services and support infrastructure readiness for connected and automated driving in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.
NordicWay 2 project (2017-2020):
- Contributed to the harmonisation and interoperability of the C-ITS services in Europe with requirements agreed by the C-Roads Platform.
- Supported the deployment of new "Day-1” and “Day-1,5” C-ITS services in Nordic countries and extend its use in vital road freight transport routes subject to extreme weather conditions and in urban and interurban environments.
- Supported the infrastructure readiness for connected and automated driving in Nordic countries in snowy and icy arctic conditions.
- Evaluation results (2020) include technical feasibility, ecosystem and business models, socio-economic impacts of the piloted Day-1 and Day-1.5 C-ITS services as well as the effect on user´s mobility and traffic behaviours and on public acceptance. Final evaluation results are available in www.nordicway.net.
NordicWay 3 project (2019-2023) will continue to harmonise and build European C-ITS interoperability in the C-Roads Platform (www.nordicway.net).
Finnish national pilot
The Finnish NordicWay 2 project’s pilots in 2017-2020 were (1) the Artic Challenge for Automated driving in snowy and icy arctic conditions and (2) relevant C-ITS Day 1 services on core corridor.
Artic Challenge for Automated driving in snowy and icy arctic conditions
This pilot addressed automated driving in snowy and icy arctic conditions. The pilot included posts and poles for guidance and positioning, C-ITS hybrid communication, communication infrastructure including pre-5G and remote driving as well as vehicle positioning. The pilot studies were completed with prototype automated vehicles around Finland and evaluated in Muonio Intelligent Road in North Lapland to guarantee winter conditions. Project results are available in the Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency publication online: https://julkaisut.vayla.fi/pdf12/vt_2019-19_arctic_challenge_web.pdf
Relevant Day 1 services on core corridor
This Activity piloted relevant Day 1 and Day 1.5 services. The services piloted in Finland were based on cellular communication. Therefore, the physical coverage of almost all services were addition to the Scan-Med core corridor, the whole main road network in Finland (80,000 km). However, service providers data collection (e.g., weather data) scope varied and most of the data was provided around ring roads and major incoming roads in the Helsinki region and from E18 between Helsinki and Turku as well as Helsinki and Tampere. The full evaluation results of the Finnish and other NordicWay 2 pilots are available at www.nordicway.net.
The Finnish pilot deployed following Day 1 and Day 1.5 services and use cases:
- Slow and stationary vehicle(s) & Traffic ahead warning -> Use case: Traffic jam ahead
- Road works warning -> Use case: Road and lane closure
- Weather and road condition -> Use case: Weather conditions, Reduced visibility, Temporary slippery road
- Other hazardous location notifications (OHLN) -> Use cases: Accident zone description, Emergency vehicle approaching, Animal or person on the road, Obstacle on the road
- In-vehicle signage -> Use case: In-vehicle speed limits
- Probe vehicle data -> Use case: Single-vehicle data
- Traffic information and smart routing
The Finnish NordicWay 3 C-ITS pilots in Med-Scan E18 corridor as well as whole main road network and urban environment, using cellular network and C-Roads hybrid communication Interchange Node architecture, will be implemented between 2021-2023. The communication technology tested under the Finnish pilots will be mainly cellular communication. Selected roadside infrastructure may also be equipped with ETSI ITS-G5.
The Artic Challenge study of automated driving in snowy and icy arctic conditions (2017-2019) was led by the public authorities Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency and Finnish Transport and Communication Agency Traficom. The following three coalitions and their partners carried out the studies:
- Lapland University of Applied Sciences (leader) and Roadscanners ltd
- Sensible 4 Ltd (leader)
- Metropolia University of Applied Science Ltd
- Sharpeye Systems Ltd
- MHR Consulting
- F-Secure Ltd
- Solidpotato Ltd
- Nodeon Ltd
- VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd (leader)
- Dynniq Finland Ltd
- Indagon Ltd
- Infotripla Ltd
- Ukkoverkot Ltd.
The relevant C-ITS Day 1 and Day 1.5 service providers and partners (2018-2020) were procured in 2018 by the Finnish public transport and communication authorities. Pilot fleet will be set up from existing fleets, services and users in the market and includes in-vehicle displays and nomadic smart devices. The pilot implementation by three industry provider coalitions with 18 companies:
- EEE Innovations Ltd (leader)
- Driveco Ltd
- Looper IT Ltd
- Sensible4 Ltd
- Swarco Finland Ltd
- TraffICT Ltd
- Tieto Finland Ltd
- Defensec Ltd
- Infotripla Ltd (leader)
- Arctic Machine Ltd
- Ficonic Solutions Ltd
- Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI)
- RoadCloud Ltd
- SitoWise Ltd
- Posti Ltd and Metsäteho Ltd (leaders)
- Vaisala Ltd
- NordicWay 2 project started in 7th of February 2017 and ended in 31st of December 2020.
- NordicWay 3 project started 1st of February 2019 and ends in 31st of December 2023.