Germany as Member State will contribute to the C-Roads cooperation by the findings of the implementation and operation of in total seven different C-ITS services, which will be deployed in two different pilot sites and harmonised by the Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt).
By the additional deployment of new respectively by the extension of already existing C-ITS services the national action promotes in an ideal manner the future rollout / larger scale deployment of Cooperative ITS in whole Germany:
· providing a deployment pattern for a rollout of these C-ITS services in Germany according to EU Regulations and standards and in line with the recommendations/outputs of the "C-ITS platform"
· demonstrating the long term viability and scalability of C-ITS (in terms of technology, financial sustainability, governance) also in conjunction with legacy systems
· encouraging the German automotive industry to equip their cars with according devices and thus stimulating end-users to buy V2X-enabled cars to benefit from the services
To achieve these goals, pilots will not only deploy the mentioned services in the Hessian and Lower Saxony pilot road network, but will also deliver a transferable C-ITS framework, harmonised on European level in cooperation with other pilot sites in the frame of the C-Roads Platform. This will comprise:
· an organisational pattern (roles and responsibilities) for the development and deployment
· a work programme for the development of needed infrastructure and equipment including open technical specifications and standards and
· appropriate methods and KPIs for the evaluation and assessment of the deployed C-ITS services
The development and testing of C-ITS services is already part of a test field called AIM (Application platform for intelligent mobility) in Lower Saxony. Currently the test field is located in the urban area of the city of Braunschweig and serves as a mature platform for application-focused science, research, and development in the field of intelligent mobility services. Within the next year the test field will be enlarged and transferred under the lead of the Ministry for Economy, Labour and Transport of Lower Saxony and the DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.) to federal roads and motorways between Hannover, Braunschweig and Wolfsburg.
The planned pilot activities within the C-Roads-Germany Lower Saxony C-ITS pilot are focused on three areas of action:
First the realisation of tools and methods supporting the commissioning, operation and maintenance tasks to overcome possible barriers (whether technical or organisational) in C-ITS infrastructure deployment activities in Lower Saxony.
Second the piloted implementation of the three C-ITS services “Slow or stationary vehicle ahead warning service”, “In-vehicle information / In-vehicle signage service” and “Probe vehicle data service” to collect experiences in deployment of C-ITS services and to demonstrate the long term viability and scalability of C-ITS (in terms of technology).
Last the integration of existing Traffic Management Centres (TMC) will be analysed and based on the three C-ITS services a possible interaction with the TMC demonstrated. This should lead to a better understanding of the additional benefits TMC and road operators can gain if they deploy and use C-ITS services.
The proposed pilot activities are located in the Federal States of Hessen on the Rhine-Alpine corridor near Frankfurt and in Lower Saxony on the North Sea-Baltic and Orient/East-Med corridor (motorway A2) near Braunschweig.
The Hessian C-Roads pilot activities are located on the Rhine-Alpine corridor passing through the Frankfurt am Main area. The pilot activities encompass the A5 motorway sections near to Frankfurt and sections of national road No.3117 near to Offenbach
The proposed pilot activities in Lower Saxony are located on the North Sea-Baltic and Orient/East-Med corridor. The pilot activities encompass the A2 motorway sections near to Braunschweig.
Pilot activities at single test and validation locations are prepared by different bodies. The Hessian pilot site will be organised by the local public road operator Hessen Mobil. For the Lower Saxony pilot site the two companies NORDSYS and OECON Products & Services are responsible for the local activities. They will be supported by the associated partner DLR.
The German C-Roads pilot sites do have individual schedules.
In Hessian the C-ITS system architecture and overarching technical specifications needs to be finished in 2017. The deployment of the different Day-1-C-ITS-services within C-Roads will be finished in 2019.
The Lower Saxony pilot site schedules their activities in a similar way. In 2018 the SSVW shall be in operation and in 2019 the Day-1-C-ITS-services IVI/IVS and PVD. For 2020 it is planned to publish a C-ITS preparation report for the future deployment of C-ITS-services.
Key Performance Indicators
The planed deployment of the different Day-1-C-ITS-services in the single pilot sites will be monitored through different milestones and countable pilot deployment indicators. Indicators shall be used to monitor and demonstrate the progress and to evaluate impacts and performance of the developed C-ITS services for safety, efficiency, and environment. The used assessment methodologies shall be aligned with other ongoing initiatives in the EU and shall document the operational experiences and estimate the quality of the service which were deployed within the national pilot activities. Additionally the results of the external performed cross-site tests within the German pilot sites have to be taken into account in the overall assessment process.
To ensure a successful deployment of harmonised C-ITS infrastructure in Germany, which fulfils the interoperability requirements of a common European C-ITS approach it is essential to define and establish specific evaluation processes. Because of that harmonised evaluation methodologies based on the activities within the C-Roads Platform will be developed and tested. The overall aim is to achieve a conformance and interoperability assessment, which can be used in first phase on a national level and in a second phase on a European level to evaluate if interoperability of the pilot services was achieved. A possible approach to do this is to build up a specific test vehicle.
For every C-ITS service being implemented within the Hessian C-ITS Pilot, deployment indicators are defined. Furthermore, Hessian traffic model including congestion analysis and traffic forecast will be utilized to evaluate performance and to increase accuracy of the developed C-ITS services in general and in particular the Shockwave damping service and the Traffic jam ahead warning service.
Also, for every C-ITS service being implemented within the Lower Saxony C-ITS Pilot, deployment indicators are defined. Additionally, the running C-ITS services will be evaluated continuously through the involved e-Shuttle fleet.