The Norwegian pilot site is part of the NordicWay pilots running in the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The main objective of this Action is to deploy pilot studies in order to further develop interoperable Day-1 and Day 1,5 C-ITS services and support infrastructure readiness for connected and automated driving in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. NordicWay pilots will:
- Contribute to the harmonisation and interoperability of the C-ITS services in Europe in line with requirements agreed by the C-Roads Platform.
- Support the deployment of new "Day-1” and “Day-1,5” C-ITS services in Nordic countries and extend its use in vital road freight transport routes subject to extreme weather conditions and in urban and interurban environments
- Support the infrastructure readiness for connected and automated driving in Nordic countries in snowy and icy arctic conditions.
- Assess the socio-economic impacts of the piloted Day 1 and Day 1,5 C-ITS services as well as the effect on users mobility and traffic behaviours and on public acceptance.
The two Norwegian pilots include (1) use cases of Day 1 and Day 1.5 C-ITS services on the peripheral networks and (2) mapping of infrastructure readiness for connected and automated driving on major freight routes of the comprehensive network in Norway
Use cases of Day 1 and Day 1.5 C-ITS services on the peripheral networks
The pilot will design, and implement, test and evaluate use cases of Day-1 and Day-1.5 C-ITS services on the peripheral networks, to allow for smooth transitions between the networks. Testing on the comprehensive and peripheral networks ensures a broader test of functionality than on the core network. If tests are successful on the peripheral or comprehensive network, the Day-1 and Day-1,5 C-ITS services tested will be applicable under extreme weather conditions on the core network.
In particular, the pilot will explore the feasibility of the following Day-1 and Day-1,5 services on these rural routes with poor cellular connectivity and without full access to power mains:
Day 1 services:
- Hazardous location notifications, including Slow or stationary vehicle(s) & Traffic ahead warning, Road works warning, Weather and road conditions, Emergency brake light, Other hazardous notifications
- Signage applications, including In-vehicle signage, In-vehicle speed limits, Signal violation/ intersection safety, Green light optimal speed advisory, Probe vehicle data
Day 1.5 services:
- Information on fuelling & charging stations for alternative fuel vehicles
- On street parking information and management
- Traffic information & Smart routing
- Cooperative collision risk warning
The interoperability of the following C-ITS services will be tested throughout the whole NordicWay2 network:
- Slow or stationary vehicle(s) & Traffic ahead warning
- Weather conditions
- Traffic information & Smart routing
The service “Weather conditions” will include slippery road detection since this is an important functionality to ensure traffic safety and traffic ability on rural roads in wintertime. Moreover, the “Green light optimal speed advisory” test will be oriented to test the use of the virtual “traffic lights”.
The communication technology tested under this pilot will be cellular communication. Selected roadside infrastructure and vehicles may also be equipped with ETSI ITS-G5 when needed to ensure interoperability.
Mapping infrastructure readiness for connected and automated driving on major freight routes of the comprehensive network in Norway
The pilot will map and assess the infrastructure readiness for connected and automated driving on major freight routes of the comprehensive network in Norway.
It aims at identifying what parts of the network are hard to read for the vehicle sensors and exploring the potential for communicating information from the road authorities’ backend instead of rebuilding the infrastructure using C-ITS. The pilot will cover a larger area, but this area will not require instrumentation as the pilot is to study infrastructure readiness. The area already is equipped with connected signalized intersections in Trondheim and in Oslo. The route will start at the E8/Finish border and continue south on the E6 to Trondheim and from there down to Oslo and onwards to the Swedish border.
In case that the results of the pilot as described above are inconclusive, the pilot area will be extended to the E136 on the peripheral network from Åndalsnes to Dombås in the Norwegian pilot. This road is a major freight route from Western Norway with a steep incline through a valley with tunnels, high mountains on both sides and with the challenges this entails concerning connected and automated driving. The results from E136 will be applicable under extreme weather conditions on the core network.
The C-ITS pilot will be on the corridor from Tromsø to the Finnish border. The main pilot stretch will be from Skibotn to Kilpisjärvi, but other road sections on E8 and connecting roads can be included in pilot activities if it is appropriate to cover specific issues.
The mapping of the infrastructure for connected and automated driving readiness will start at the E8/Finish border and continue south on the E6 to Trondheim and from there down to Oslo and onwards to the Swedish border.
Norwegian Public Roads Administration and public sector and private sector partners through open tendering processes.